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Where do hedgehogs live?

Hedgehogs live in a broad range of habitats.

Apart from very wet areas and extensive pine forests, they live in most parts of Britain.

They are also often scarce in upland areas such as moorlands and mountainsides. Hedgehogs enjoy living on the edge of woodlands. They thrive in the mosaic of hedges, fields and woodlands that characterise the British countryside.

Hedgehogs can be just as happy in rural or urban locations

As the name suggests, hedgehogs are often found near hedgerows.

These are ideal nest sites, providing a good supply of food, protection from predators and corridors to move along.

The pastures used by farmers to raise cattle, sheep or horses are also important foraging areas for hedgehogs.

Garden of Hedgehog Champion Joanne from Buckinghamshire

Favourite hedgehog habitats are gardens, woodlands and hedgerows.

Gardens (and lots of them) provide the perfect ‘hog habitat

Hedgehogs are also abundant in urban and suburban areas. Gardens provide hedgehogs with a plentiful supply of food, both natural and supplementary, as well as many potential nest sites for breeding, resting and hibernation. For these reason urban areas have become a stronghold for hedgehogs in recent years.

Percy the hoglet by Hedgehog Champion Sheila Lodey

A hedgehog habitat can be bigger than you might think. They can roam up to 2km each night!

Access between gardens is critical for hedgehogs

Hedgehogs have home ranges they like to keep to, but are not territorial so will not fight to defend these areas. Radio-tracking studies have found that hedgehog home ranges vary during the year (and between sexes).

On average, they are around 10—20 hectares in size. Hedgehogs can roam an average distance of 2km on a single night. Male hedgehogs in the breeding season can cover up to 3km in one night in their search of females!

To help urban hedgehogs gardens need to be linked up so they have a sufficient area to roam – find out how to link your garden and create a perfect hog habitat on your doorstep.